Category Archives: Hitler

Robert Koch’s Bacteriology and Hitler’s Final Solution

Richard A. Koenigsberg,  whose title is “Hitler as the Robert Koch of Germany”

On March 24, 1882, the German physician and scientist, Robert Koch, presented his discovery of the bacterium that causes tuberculosis. Subsequently, the causal organisms of a great number of bacterial diseases were isolated. Writing on the history of German medicine, Paul Weindling (1989) describes how bacteriologists became aligned with the state—through the use of military analogies in their observations on bacteria. Koch described how “alien parasites” entered the body. Bacteriology was glamorized by comparing laboratory researchers to soldiers, “Warriors against Disease.”

koch at work Robert Koch at work

Weindling explains how spectacular advances in bacteriology during the 1880s and 90s greatly enhanced the public prestige of laboratory science. There was widespread adulation of Koch. Thousands of handkerchiefs on which his face was embroidered were sold. Continue reading

Leave a comment

Filed under accountability, authoritarian regimes, discrimination, doctoring evidence, Fascism, fundamentalism, governance, historical interpretation, Hitler, life stories, politIcal discourse, power politics, racist thinking, the imaginary and the real, unusual people, violence of language, world events & processes, zealotry

IV. Bavinck on Life in Jaffna, 1994-2004: People Caught in the Middle of Two Awesome Forces

Michael Roberts

Continuing with my presentation of “Motifs” from within Benjamin Bavinck’s diaries, this collection depicts the sentiments of moderate Tamils who were caught in between the main protagonists. Since Bavinck’s political leanings were firmly within this mould, the entries are extensive. This post, therefore, gives readers a sense of the difficulties faced by the Tamil civilians within the Jaffna Peninsula (maps are tacked on to aid the readers). It also reminds every one of the unfolding political scenario from the lead-up to the 1994 Presidential Election, the killing of Gamini Dissanayake, the peace talks of early 1994 and the LTTE’s demolition of that process to the SL Army’s invasion of the Peninsula in mid-1995 and the exodus of most Jaffna peoples to the western section and/or the Vanni …..and a whole series of fluctuating events thereafter.

NEELAN Neelan  Rajan-Hoole-3 Rajan  DAYADayaBAVINCK = RAJASINGHAMBavinck & Rajasingham

Note that Bavinck did not pen his entries day in, day out. An entry sometimes summarizes events in the days preceding. Again, he was out of the island on business or home-visits on several occasions — so there are temporal gaps in the historical data. Continue reading

3 Comments

Filed under authoritarian regimes, communal relations, cultural transmission, devolution, education, ethnicity, governance, historical interpretation, Hitler, human rights, landscape wondrous, law of armed conflict, life stories, LTTE, meditations, nationalism, patriotism, politIcal discourse, power politics, prabhakaran, religiosity, self-reflexivity, Sinhala-Tamil Relations, social justice, sri lankan society, suicide bombing, Tamil Tiger fighters, the imaginary and the real, unusual people, welfare & philanthophy, world events & processes

III. Bavinck Diaries: The Tamil Intelligentsia for the LTTE

 Michael Roberts,  also see https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/bavinck-diaries-iii-the-tamil-intelligentsia-for-the-ltte/where there will be comments. NOTE: highlighting in RED and other colours is my imposition to draw readers to highly significant opinions and/or information.

 Continuing with my presentation of “Motifs” from within his diaries, this collection is relatively meagre, but must be placed alongside the paths depicting moderate Tamils who were caught in between the main protagonists. Since Bavinck’s political leanings were firmly with the latter, it is not surprising that there is more information on that facet of political thinking. Therefore, this post must be studied in conjunction with the one immediately following on “Bavinck on Life in Jaffna, 1994-2004: People Caught in the Middle of Two Awesome Forces.”

A_Thurirajah--www.jfn.ac.lkProfessor A. Thurairajah fR EMANUEL Fr. Emmanuel Thomas_Savundaranayagam--en.wikipedia.orgBishop Thomas Saundranayagam

Both together indicate ambivalence and shifting tides in the thinking of the people residing in Jaffna under LTTE rule and/or SL Army rule. They also provide a sense of the shifting fortunes of war. The entries here are of great importance and indicate that the LTTE had a solid foundation of support among the middle class peoples of the north – an impression that was sustained during my brief visit to Jaffna Peninsula and Kilinochchi in late November 2004. Bavinck’s diary entries are written intermittently, Note that he was residing at Puttur from mid-1994- September 1995; Atchuvely from then till July 1996; Puttur again from June 1996 till August 1999; Maruthanarmadam from thence till he left the island in September 2004. Note, however, that there were spells when he left the island on pastoral business or on furlough.

Ben-4

Continue reading

1 Comment

Filed under authoritarian regimes, cultural transmission, Hinduism, historical interpretation, Hitler, law of armed conflict, life stories, LTTE, martyrdom, military strategy, patriotism, politIcal discourse, power politics, prabhakaran, Sinhala-Tamil Relations, sri lankan society, the imaginary and the real, truth as casualty of war, unusual people, war reportage, world events & processes

II–Ben Bavinck’s Personal Stance: Extracts from his Diaries

Ben Bavinck pix  Needless to say these selections are interpretative acts, my choices. I was tempted to impose a further dimension of selectivity by highlighting some phrases or segments, but have decided against that step. Readers can form their own evaluations – noting that this item is just one in the series of “Motifs” that I have foreshadowed in my Introduction, viz., https://thuppahi.wordpress.com/2016/05/05/ben-bavincks-testimony-within-the-crucible-of-war-1994-2004/. However, I have occasionally injected my thoughts via footnotes assembled at the end. Michael Roberts

Ben-1

20th April, 1995, Puttur

The Tigers attacked on 19th April. I was wrong. I had always thought that the Tigers would give more weight to the opinion of their own Tamil people and take into consideration international opinion; apparently that is not so. Last night, one hour after the ultimatum expired, they sank two navy vessels in the harbour of Trincomalee by using suicide divers. The attack resulted in 12 navy people killed and 15 wounded, then of course also the four Tigers, two boys and two girls. The same morning here in the papers the text of a letter was published written by Prabhakaran to President Chandrika, in which the Tigers announced that they are terminating the ceasefire and also withdrawing from all peace talks. The reason for this was that the government had not satisfied their demands and apparently had not taken the ultimatum seriously. I must confess, now that I have been witnessing this whole process at close quarters, I am amazed at the flimsiness of their arguments and their total indifference to all the suffering that this unilateral break can have for the Tamil citizens. All this happens while day after day they are harping on about the daily needs of the Tamil people. Appalling! Why not practice a little patience?                                                 (pp. 73-74) Continue reading

6 Comments

Filed under accountability, cultural transmission, Eelam, historical interpretation, Hitler, human rights, landscape wondrous, law of armed conflict, life stories, LTTE, martyrdom, military strategy, politIcal discourse, power politics, prabhakaran, religiosity, security, self-reflexivity, Sinhala-Tamil Relations, social justice, sri lankan society, Tamil civilians, Tamil migration, Tamil Tiger fighters, the imaginary and the real, trauma, war crimes, war reportage, welfare & philanthophy, women in ethnic conflcits, working class conditions, world events & processes, zealotry

Indian Leaders of the Late Colonial Era in Unique Images

Courtesy of IMGUR, Ajantha Wickramasinghe and Chandra Wickramasinghe of Mahinda, Peradeniya & the World-at-Large

Gandhi at downing st Gandhiji at 10, Downing Street, 1931

Continue reading

Leave a comment

Filed under British imperialism, constitutional amendments, governance, heritage, Hitler, Indian Ocean politics, landscape wondrous, world affairs

Brigitte Gabriel’s Devastating Criticism of Simple-Minded Political Correctness

Brigitte-Gabriel-665x385SEE her response to the Question from law student Saba Ahmad at http://ozziesaffa.blogspot.com/2014/06/i-bet-she-regrets-asking-her-question.html ,,,

….. a question which replicated the simplistic, seemingly deep but quite obtuse and totally impractical point-of-view that was ALSO embodied in the question from Ursula — another law student — selected by TONY JONES of Q and A on Australian Broadcasting Channel’s popular Monday night show yesterday 27th October. This question was taken seriously by Geoffrey Robertson, HR Lawyer, and given a a partial nod of  approval.

Brigitte Gabriel also took it seriously … and then tore it to shreds. Continue reading

1 Comment

Filed under Al Qaeda, democratic measures, historical interpretation, Hitler, Islamic fundamentalism, jihad, law of armed conflict, Left politics, life stories, military strategy, politIcal discourse, power politics, propaganda, security, self-reflexivity, slanted reportage, terrorism, the imaginary and the real, tolerance, truth as casualty of war, unusual people, violence of language, women in ethnic conflcits, world events & processes, zealotry

Tamil Person and State: Essays

Michael  Roberts

L 135a --Medivac child at Pulmoddai

50-LTTE senior commanders -tamilnet

Essay – Cover 

        Contents

THE LTTE AND PRABHAKARAN

CHAPTER 1.….Inspirations and Caste Threads in the Early LTTE … 1-43

CHAPTER 2…..Hitler, Nationalism, Sacrifice: Koenigsberg and Beyond … 44-68

CHAPTER 3…..Hero Figures and Hitler in Young Pirapāharan’s Thinking … 69-89

CHAPTER 4…..Tamil Tigers: Sacrificial Symbolism and‘Dead Body Politics’ … 90-100

CHAPTER 5……Killing Rajiv Gandhi: Dhanu’s SacrificIal Metamorphosis in Death? 101-31 Continue reading

Leave a comment

Filed under authoritarian regimes, cultural transmission, Eelam, female empowerment, gordon weiss, governance, historical interpretation, Hitler, Indian Ocean politics, life stories, LTTE, nationalism, performance, politIcal discourse, power politics, prabhakaran, propaganda, Rajapaksa regime, Rajiv Gandhi, riots and pogroms, security, self-reflexivity, Sinhala-Tamil Relations, slanted reportage, sri lankan society, suicide bombing, Tamil migration, tamil refugees, Tamil Tiger fighters, TNA, tolerance, truth as casualty of war, UN reports, unusual people, vengeance, world affairs