Daya Somasundaram … http://repo.jfn.ac.lk/med/bitstream/701/1011/1/Somasundaram-Suicide%20bombers%20of%20Sri%20Lanka.pdf
ABSTRACT The phenomena of suicide bombers in Sri Lanka share some similarities with but also have some marked differences with what is seen in other parts of world today. Increasing discrimination, state humiliation and violence against the minority Tamils brought out a militancy and the phenomena of suicide bombers. The underlying socio-political and economical factors in the North and East of Sri Lanka that caused the militancy at the onset are examined. Some of these factors that were the cause of or consequent to the conflict include: extrajudicial killing of one or both parents or relations by the state; separations, destruction of home and belongings during the war; displacement; lack of adequate or nutritious food; ill health; economic difficulties; lack of access to education; not seeing any avenues for future employment and advancement; social and political oppression; and facing harassment, detention and death. At the same time, the Tamil militants have used various psychological methods to entice youth, children and women to join and become suicide bombers. Public displays of war paraphernalia, posters of fallen heroes, speeches and video, particularly in schools and community gatherings, heroic songs and stories, public funeral rites and annual remembrance ceremonies draw out feelings of patriotism and create a martyr cult. The religio-cultural context of the Tamils has provided meaning and symbols for the creation and maintenance of this cult, while the LTTE has provided the organisational capacity to train and indoctrinate a special elite as suicide bombers. Whether the crushing of the LTTE militarily by the state brings to an end the phenomena of suicide bombers or whether it will re-emerge in other forms if underlying grievances are not resolved remains to be seen.
KEY WORDS: Altruistic suicide; Ethnic conflict; Insurgency; Sacrifice; Sri Lanka; Suicide bombers Continue reading
Filed under cultural transmission, historical interpretation, landscape wondrous, law of armed conflict, life stories, LTTE, martyrdom, meditations, patriotism, performance, politIcal discourse, power politics, religiosity, self-reflexivity, Sinhala-Tamil Relations, sri lankan society, Tamil Tiger fighters, terrorism, the imaginary and the real, unusual people, world events & processes, zealotry
Damian Whitworth, in The Times and The Australian, 17 January 2017, with the title in the latter being “The Man who knows Islamic State’s Mindset” … with highlighing being additions by the Editor, Thuppahi
British Prime Minister Theresa May once exposed what she believed to be the basic flaws at the murderous heart of Islamic State. “I will tell you the truth,” she told the Conservative Party conference in 2014, the year that the militant group gained worldwide notoriety. “They are not Islamic and they are not a state.”
Pic from Times
Her words echoed sentiments expressed by US President Barack Obama. Today, with Islamic State under pressure from Western-backed forces in Mosul, the debate about whether it has actually succeeded in establishing a caliphate continues. However, on the question of Islamic State’s Islamic credentials, May is plain wrong. Continue reading
Filed under american imperialism, cultural transmission, historical interpretation, jihad, landscape wondrous, law of armed conflict, martyrdom, Middle Eastern Politics, modernity & modernization, politIcal discourse, power politics, security, self-reflexivity, the imaginary and the real, truth as casualty of war, vengeance, war reportage, world events & processes, zealotry
A Melbourne teenager [name withheld] from a middle-class background had “expressed violent loathing of non-believers and likened Shia Muslims to cockroaches” in his Facebook and Surespot rantings. He had gone further and gathered the material for a pressure cooker bomb –activities which have seen him tried and sentenced to a seven-year jail term (see The Australian, 8 Dec 2016)
There is dark paradox here: a highly particular ideologue has deployed a universal pejorative. Continue reading
Filed under cultural transmission, heritage, Islamic fundamentalism, jihad, landscape wondrous, legal issues, martyrdom, modernity & modernization, politIcal discourse, power politics, racist thinking, religiosity, terrorism, the imaginary and the real, unusual people, vengeance, world events & processes, zealotry
Until most Western leaders and all Islamic leaders realize that the short term solutions against radical Islam to destroy ISIL, are just that. they will not be pursuing any real long term permanent solutions. Thus the lethal violence will continue from Islamic radicals and their tacit supporters in so many nations. Is this aspect of lethal violence just part of Islam’s general drive to subjugate the whole World to Islamic domination, in association with the imposition of sharia law and halal certification of everything that is eaten? These answers must be well considered and resolved.
the classic beauty of the Tajmahal [pic by foundtheworld.com] beside the murderous inspirations driving the jihadists Continue reading
Filed under Al Qaeda, cultural transmission, education, Islamic fundamentalism, jihad, martyrdom, politIcal discourse, power politics, security, self-reflexivity, terrorism, truth as casualty of war, world events & processes, zealotry