Daya Somasundaram … http://repo.jfn.ac.lk/med/bitstream/701/1011/1/Somasundaram-Suicide%20bombers%20of%20Sri%20Lanka.pdf
ABSTRACT The phenomena of suicide bombers in Sri Lanka share some similarities with but also have some marked differences with what is seen in other parts of world today. Increasing discrimination, state humiliation and violence against the minority Tamils brought out a militancy and the phenomena of suicide bombers. The underlying socio-political and economical factors in the North and East of Sri Lanka that caused the militancy at the onset are examined. Some of these factors that were the cause of or consequent to the conflict include: extrajudicial killing of one or both parents or relations by the state; separations, destruction of home and belongings during the war; displacement; lack of adequate or nutritious food; ill health; economic difficulties; lack of access to education; not seeing any avenues for future employment and advancement; social and political oppression; and facing harassment, detention and death. At the same time, the Tamil militants have used various psychological methods to entice youth, children and women to join and become suicide bombers. Public displays of war paraphernalia, posters of fallen heroes, speeches and video, particularly in schools and community gatherings, heroic songs and stories, public funeral rites and annual remembrance ceremonies draw out feelings of patriotism and create a martyr cult. The religio-cultural context of the Tamils has provided meaning and symbols for the creation and maintenance of this cult, while the LTTE has provided the organisational capacity to train and indoctrinate a special elite as suicide bombers. Whether the crushing of the LTTE militarily by the state brings to an end the phenomena of suicide bombers or whether it will re-emerge in other forms if underlying grievances are not resolved remains to be seen.
KEY WORDS: Altruistic suicide; Ethnic conflict; Insurgency; Sacrifice; Sri Lanka; Suicide bombers Continue reading
Filed under cultural transmission, historical interpretation, landscape wondrous, law of armed conflict, life stories, LTTE, martyrdom, meditations, patriotism, performance, politIcal discourse, power politics, religiosity, self-reflexivity, Sinhala-Tamil Relations, sri lankan society, Tamil Tiger fighters, terrorism, the imaginary and the real, unusual people, world events & processes, zealotry
“The more players are allowed to say on the field the greater the likelihood something personal will be uttered at the wrong time In that case the administrators will do well to remember that one player in this duel has a bat. If things boil over, something could go seriously wrong” Ian Chappell in “Tough Task for Smith’s side to halt India’s Momentum” in Sunday Advertiser, 12 March 2017
- Ian Chappell should cast his mind to his glory days when Tony Greig et al for England and Chappell et al for the Aussies launched abuse as a weapon on the cricket field, Continue reading
Filed under accountability, Australian culture, australian media, cultural transmission, human rights, politIcal discourse, power politics, self-reflexivity, terrorism, vengeance, violence of language
LIBERTARIAN CHALLENGES = Fish-Net garments … at … https://thuppahi.wordpress.com/2016/06/17/undermining-the-burqa-the-fish-net-garment/
Filed under accountability, cultural transmission, female empowerment, heritage, landscape wondrous, legal issues, politIcal discourse, religiosity, self-reflexivity, terrorism, tolerance, trauma, unusual people, world events & processes, zealotry
Marie Lecomte-Tilouine, courtesy of http://samaj.revues.org/3018, where the title is “Martyrs and Living Martyrs of the People’s War in Nepal
Abstract: In Nepal, the Maoists’ armed wing (PLA) developed as a collective of martyrs-to-be, whose example was disseminated as soon as they fell through tributes, poems and ceremonies. Its dynamic relied on self-sacrifice rather than any heroic prowess, and acquired a strong power of attraction in that it fundamentally asserts that anyone, whether illiterate, poor or of the lowest status, is of ‘priceless’ value, and can contribute to the project to change the order of things by putting their lives at stake. The People’s War also brought about a wave of ‘Living Martyrs’, who survived the war and who are now busy recording their past experiences. They combine all the ingredients in terms of pathos and achievement to become historical figures and models for the future, while fallen immortals have already lost their individualities and play a collective and anonymous role. Pic from Global Security Org
Filed under atrocities, governance, Left politics, life stories, military strategy, modernity & modernization, patriotism, political demonstrations, politIcal discourse, power politics, propaganda, security, self-reflexivity, suicide bombing, terrorism, the imaginary and the real, unusual people, war reportage, world events & processes
Greg IP, in The Australian, 12 January 2017, and The Wall Streeet Journal, where the title is “Trump, Brexit, Le Pen: West’s anti-globalism backlash”
Late on a Sunday evening a little more than a year ago, Marine Le Pen took the stage in a depressed working-class town in northern France. She had just lost an election for the region’s top office but the leader of France’s anti-immigrant, anti-euro National Front did not deliver a concession speech. Instead, Le Pen proclaimed a new ideological struggle. “Now, the dividing line is not between Left and Right but globalists and patriots,” she declared, with a gigantic French flag draped behind her. Globalists, she charged, wanted France to be subsumed in a vast, world-encircling “magma”. She and other patriots, by contrast, were determined to retain the nation-state as the “protective space” for French citizens.
Filed under american imperialism, discrimination, fundamentalism, governance, historical interpretation, landscape wondrous, life stories, modernity & modernization, patriotism, politIcal discourse, power politics, security, self-reflexivity, terrorism, the imaginary and the real, truth as casualty of war, unusual people, welfare & philanthophy, world events & processes
Michael Roberts, reviewing Gerald H. Peiris: Twilight of the Tigers. Peace Efforts and Power Struggles in Sri Lanka, Delhi, Oxford University Press & Colombo, Vijitha Yapa Publications, 2009, pb, 297 pages…. reprinted from TRANSCURRENTS, with the % comments therein [all from 2010] also presented at the end — after the Footnotes, …. with highlighted colours are my subsequent editorial impositions
Twilight of the Tigers is essential reading for any person interested in the political history of Sri Lanka during the first decade of this century. With measured argument and in lucid prose Gerald Peiris challenges the belief that territorial devolution is a viable means of resolving Sri Lanka’s political problems and questions the thinking that launched the peace process in 2000-01.
The short title may mislead people into thinking that this is a book about the recent demise of the LTTE as a de facto state in Sri Lanka. In fact the book was in press by late 2008. But Peiris had correctly anticipated the direction of the war because he also has expertise in this arena, having contributed to Jane’s Intelligence Review. Moreover, for years he has adhered to a hardline patriotic position seeking to protect the island’s sovereignty. Thus, he has stood alongside such individuals as HL de Silva in objecting to federalism on the grounds that the devolutionary measures under consideration, including the North-East merged sub-state, would imperil political stability. Continue reading
Filed under australian media, communal relations, governance, Indian Ocean politics, island economy, legal issues, life stories, LTTE, military strategy, modernity & modernization, politIcal discourse, power politics, power sharing, Responsibility to Protect or R2P, self-reflexivity, Sinhala-Tamil Relations, sri lankan society, terrorism, world events & processes